Saturday, March 14, 2020
buy custom Cleft Lip or Palate essay Clefts of the lip, alveolus and hard palates are the most common congenital deformities affecting the upper jaw leading to difficulty in feeding. However, cleft lip alone generally doesnt interfere with feeding. There are chances of regurgitation of milk, associated lung infections and chronic otitis media, Conductive hearing loss and delayed speech in the patients of cleft palate. They generally occur as isolated deformities and very rarely are associated with congenital heart disease and genetic conditions such as Aperts or Downs syndrome. INCIDENCE: 1 in 2500 live births. Clefts are highest among Asians and lowest among blacks. cleft lip and palate in conjoint predominate in males. Cleft palate alone is more common in females. ETIOLOGY:- possible etiology include maternal drug exposure during pregnancy, syndrome malformation complex, or genetic . This condition of cleft lip and palate is inherited in a dominant fashion, (van der woude syndrome) Embryology of Normal fetus: the masticatory muscles in conjoint with internal pterygoid Muscle allows the mandibular teeth to forcefully contact the maxillary teeth. When teeth meet simultaneously, the force is distributed over a large are of bone to tooth attachment and resulting to the joining of medial nasal and maxillary processes. Embryo histology: The cleft of the lip appears because of the hypoplasdia of the mesenchymal layer, resulting in failure of the medial nasal and maxillary processes to join. Cleft of the palate appears to represent failure of the palatal shelves to approximate or fuse. Genetic influences more significant in cleft lip/palate than cleft palate alone where environmental factors exert a greater influence. Clinical features: cosmetically looks ugly: Cleft lip may vary from a small notch in the vermillion border to a complete separation extending in to the floor of the nose. Clefts may be unilateral or bilateral and may involve the alveolar ridge. Cleft palate may result to difficulty in feeding, regurgitation ,lung infections, middle ear infections, dental decay and speech delay/hyper nasal speech, inability to whistle, gargle, blow out a candle, of inflate a balloon . MANAGEMENT : COSMETIC SURGERY : the correction of cleft lip is undertaken earlier because Of the obvious cosmetic problems.(three months of age) SURGICAL CLOSURE OF THE DEFECT: restoring the normal anatomy of the cleft palate undertaken later, but before the development of speech(around ten months of age) Treatment of lung infection like pneumonia and atelectasis orthodontic correction, Speech therapy :If surgery is delayed beyond three years of age, a contoured speech bulb can be attached to the posterior of a maxillary denture to accomplish occlusion of the naso pharynx and help the child develop intelligible speech. Treatment of middle ear infection e.g., otitis media and conductive hearing loss. Healthy diet:-feeding can be continued with a Mead Johnson bottle or a cup. Use a crosscut nipple to prevent choking. Any nipple can be crosscut manually using a single-edged razor blade. The crosscut is on the tongue side. CONCLUSION Cleft lip or palate is a congenital developmental deformity probably caused by maternal exposure of drugs during pregnancy Because of this deformity the neonate gets difficulty in feeding along with lung and middle ear infections. The only management remedy is surgical correction of the defect. Buy custom Cleft Lip or Palate essay
Wednesday, February 26, 2020
Introduction to Social Networking and the Impact on College Life - Research Paper Example The social network is a wonderful place to be for every individual in the world today because it provides updates from near and dear ones, assists in communicating with people living far away in remote areas of the world and also helps people to entertain themselves and keep busy. However, the social network has begun to have an adverse effect on the lives of students as well as professionals at the workplace because it has been eating into their work time. Many teachers argue that their students fail to finish their work on time because of being hooked onto the internet and on social network sites like Face book and Twitter. Social media websites have been thus affecting school and college studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ grades because students end up spending more time on websites rather than studying. Most students, when asked how they spend their day, reply by stating that they spend their hours after school or college in front of the computer, on websites like Twitter and Face book. These websites take up all their time because the new generation is obsessed with documenting their every thought on the internet. Moreover, they like checking into places on their Face book, updating their status and spend hours on a single photograph that someone would have tagged them on, commenting. All these activities eat up into their study time and they fail to get good grades or concentrate in the classroom due to being so hooked on to these websites all the time. The focus of this paper is on college students because school children can still be controlled by their parents and are under the regulation of their parentÃ¢â¬â¢s watchful eye. Once in college, a student is on his own, leading his own life and seldom listens to what the parents say, especially if he lives away from home. Such fr eedom tends to override the childÃ¢â¬â¢s life, leading him into spending his time in the most non productive and enjoyable manner possible. The internet may be very productive however using social networking websites may hinder productivity. By this I mean to say that the internet can be a very productive place to be as it has so many websites full of information and learning; one can enrich himself by reading the news as well, however college students seldom tend to do that, unless the news presents itself in the form of a Face book update. Almost 96% of college students are on Face book all the time and even if they study, they tend to keep checking their Face book page for updates every half an hour, if not lesser. This hinders work because it reduced the concentration span of the student. (Akhtar, Shabbir) Ã¢â¬Å"As social media websites, such as Face book, YouTube and Twitter gain popularity, they are also are becoming increasingly dangerous as they create modes to procrastin ate while trying to complete homework. Hence, in a survey of 102 students, 57% stated that social media has made them less productive.Ã¢â¬ Moreover, the student always has something else on his or her mind, or he keeps waiting for a particular notification to come, which makes him lose his attention from his college assignment completely. Obviously, being on the internet can exhaust a person because of all the browsing and the mental work that is being done, without even knowing it. So after browsing the Face book for even two hours, students tend to tire out easily, and thus delay doing their college work at all, again leading to bad grades in class the next day. Another aspect that hinders their work and brings them bad grades is that their smart phones are synchronized to their
Monday, February 10, 2020
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder - Research Paper Example There are unique behaviors associated with ADHD. Some of these include difficulties in maintaining focus, becoming easily distracted, a child being easily bored, difficulties in becoming organized and completing a specific task, daydreaming etc. Research indicates that ferritin is one of the major contributors to these behavioral problems that are reported by both the teachers and parents. Iron contributes largely towards brain development. As a result, ADHD has been potentially linked with ID for different reasons. First, it is a disorder that appears during early childhood periods. Second, studies have linked ADHD to dopaminergic dysfunction. Nevertheless, iron supplements were found to have been attenuating ADHD symptoms in children with ID. There have been different opinions of if oral contraceptives affect bone density in reproductive-aged women. Research was conducted and a conclusion was reached that oral contraceptives have no change on the bone density therefore erasing fears that these drugs might have been causing ADHD in children In conclusion, iron is an important component in brain development of a child. In addition, it contributes heavily to the formation of body neurons. As a result, expectant mothers are expected to take a balanced diet in order to supply the fetus with enough iron.
Thursday, January 30, 2020
The Cold War Essay The foundations for the Cold War were laid in the closing days of World War II, as Western and Soviet armies met in the ruins of Germany. AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s wariness of the Soviet Union resulted in part from StalinÃ¢â¬â¢s attempt to capture as much territory as possible with total disregard for the lives of his soldiers. Many Americans perceived StalinÃ¢â¬â¢s actions to be land grabs rather than liberations. The Cold War in Europe was focused mainly on the frontline of Berlin. Here the superpowers stood face to face, and the Berlin Wall came to be the physical representation of the Iron Curtain that cut off Soviet-dominated Eastern Europe from the West. Throughout the Cold War, American leaders adopted the premise that a massive deterrent military force must remain in Europe to prevent the Soviet Union from invading and dominating Western Europe. This doctrine, first articulated by Truman with his adoption of NSC-68, was known as containment. In Asia, the Cold War centered on China after the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) came to power in 1949. For decades, American leaders mistakenly assumed that the CCP was subservient to the Kremlin. The CCP, while technically allied with Moscow early on, had its own interests. The CCP was the dominant force in mainland Asia, and when American armies intervened in Korea and Vietnam, the CCP aimed to drive Americans from the border regions of China. In general the Cold War in Asia was bloodier than the Cold War in Europe. Korea and Vietnam were two large scale Cold War conflicts in which over 100,000 Americans and millions of Asians died. There was no comparable bloodshed in Europe during this period. The Cold WarÃ¢â¬â¢s effect on the world was far-reaching. After World War II and the Chinese Civil War, the lines were essentially drawn in Europe and mainland Asia. The rest of the world, however, was emerging from European and Japanese colonialism. These newly independent nations were where much of the Cold War would be played out, as both superpowers aimed to add new nations to their respective spheres of influence. Some scholars argue that the Cold War has not ended yet, since China, Indochina, North Korea, and Cuba are still nominally communist countries. The Cold War in Europe, however, ended with the demise of the Soviet Union from 1989 through 1991. When a new Soviet leader, Mikhail Gorbachev, made it clear that he would not use force to keep the Soviet empire together, it dissolved in a matter of months. The speed and peaceful nature of the collapse shocked many. The most common explanation for the collapse of the Soviet Union is the inefficiency of the communist system, which could neither provide for its people nor keep pace with Western military buildups. The Cold War had immeasurable effects on America both domestically and internationally. Domestically, the American republic was changed beyond recognition. The National Security Act of 1947 created the Pentagon, the National Security Council, and the CIA. America had never had a standing peacetime army before. It had never had a permanent intelligence service, which was necessarily very secretive. It had never had such a powerful executive, and it had never entered into foreign alliances, which it did with NATO in 1949. In terms of international relations, the Cold War put the United States on the world stage in a way it had never been before. During the Cold War, the United States was far more popular than it is today. Partly this is because during the Cold War many people felt that the American system was far preferable to the Soviet system, and they believed that the United States valued freedom. After the Cold War, the United States found itself the lone superpower. Without the Soviet enemy to contain, many former allies of America came to see it as a domineering and arrogant nation.
Wednesday, January 22, 2020
The Perpetuation of Negative Images of African Americans through Mass Media Works Cited Not Included Why as white people have we been lulled into thinking its safe to be around other white people. Why have we been taught since birth that itÃ¢â¬â¢s the people of that other color we need to fear? TheyÃ¢â¬â¢re the ones that will slit your throat (Moore 57). The mass media has played and will continue to play a crucial role in the way white Americans perceive African-Americans. As a result of the overwhelming media focus on crime, drug use, gang violence, and other forms of anti-social behavior among African-Americans, the media is fostering a distorted public perception of African-Americans. Looking at past examples of African Americans treatment in the media, one can see that the media has become the main perpetrator through which oppression, discrimination and the treatment of African Americans as second class citizens is carried out. As a result of this media bias, white America has suffered from a deep uncertainty as to who African-Americans really are. The media stereotype of bad guys wearing black or that anything that is black is evil has been fostered for decades. Looking at one of the oldest sources in the media (the dictionary) you clearly see racist overtones in the definitions of any words starting with black or white. Black is defined as opposite to white, African American, soiled or stained, and evil or wicked just to name a few of the definitions (Webster 68). I believe this not only fosters a subconscious negative view of African Americans, but also makes many white people think they are some how better than blacks. The defense put on by the four white Los Angeles police officers accused of beating Rodney King in 1991, and the recent case in Ohio, are very telling of this. They claimed that they were scared and felt they might have been attacked or even killed (88). This is a legitimate excuse in a w hite American society that perpetuates negative images of African Americans. Whites have come to believe that their life is in danger every time theyÃ¢â¬â¢re confronted with a black person and that some how their life is worth more than a black personÃ¢â¬â¢s life. Their fear and their bias is a manifestation of a deep-rooted media bias that anything black is bad and anything white is pure and good. This media bias has also been illustrated in the Susan Smith cas... ...image we have seen, read, heard and ultimately come to believe of Malcolm X which is far from the truth. In short Malcolm X is much more than the violent man he is made out to be. To me, he is a prophet the media should portray him that way. Ã¢â¬Å"The mass media is the most powerful entity on the earth. The media has the power to make the innocent guilty and to make the guilty innocent; and thatÃ¢â¬â¢s power. They control the minds of the massesÃ¢â¬ ¦ You donÃ¢â¬â¢t have to lie to them you just have to be selective about what you tell them-because human beings gather information and they form opinions based on the information you have given themÃ¢â¬ (Malcolm X 56). Until the spoon fed white America opens their eyes to this injustice, the media will continue to portray a self-serving negative stereotype of the African-American community. Until the public acknowledges the mediaÃ¢â¬â¢s influence in the perpetuation of negative images of African Americans, white America will continue to oppress, and African Americans will continue to be looked upon as second class citizens. In the words of rap star Chuck D. of Public Enemy, Ã¢â¬Å"DonÃ¢â¬â¢t believe the hype,Ã¢â¬ or more concretely, donÃ¢â¬â¢t selectively n ot believe the hype.
Tuesday, January 14, 2020
In 1887 Lord Acton wrote in a letter to Bishop Mandell Creighton, Ã¢â¬Å"Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely.Ã¢â¬ It has often been noted that this is the primary theme in both Animal Farm and Lord of the Flies. In addition, these books share two sub-themes related to this primary theme. One sub-theme is that people will often abuse power when itÃ¢â¬â¢s not earned. The other is that when given the opportunity people will often degrade others to ensure their own security. Both books rely heavily on symbolism, as well as the actions of their characters, to express these ideas. Consequently, both these novels show us what a frightening place the world can become if people ignore the principles of civilization as we know it. In both books, for different reasons, the characters create their own governments, and some of them soon begin to usurp and abuse power. For example, in Animal Farm seven commandments were written on the wall, a few of them were: Ã¢â¬Å"No animal shall sleep in a bed, No animal shall kill another animal, No animal shall drink alcohol.Ã¢â¬ When one of the pigs, named Napoleon, took over he gradually changed the commandments. For instance, he changed the commandment Ã¢â¬Å"No animal shall kill another animal.Ã¢â¬ to, Ã¢â¬Å"No animal shall kill another animal without cause.Ã¢â¬ In Lord of the Flies there are several examples of characters abusing power. One of the characters, named Ralph, had originally started a democratic form of government. Two of the boys, Roger and Jack, eventually started there own form of government and took over. Jack fell in love with his new found power and became dictator to the boys. He even started a hunt to kill Ralph simply because he felt Ralph was a threat to this power. Because several of the characters in both books were insecure, they would often degrade others to improve their own security. This occurred in Animal Farm several times. For instance, there were two characters who always seemed to disagree (Snowball and Napoleon). Whatever one said the other would put it down or find something wrong with it, even if he actually agreed. Napoleon even urinated on SnowballÃ¢â¬â¢s plans for a windmill and ruinedÃ them. In Lord of the Flies there are several examples of insecure characters downing others to improve their own security. For example, Roger, Jack, and even Ralph make fun of one of the other boys they call Ã¢â¬Å"PiggyÃ¢â¬ because he is overweight. Roger is so insecure he even kills Piggy because Piggy makes him feel threatened by contradicting his ideas and putting forth his own ideas that were sometimes better than Rogers. These books are both amazingly written and similar in several ways, but there is one major difference. The two books end with completely different views of civilization. Animal Farm ends with the animals not being able to tell the humans and the pigs apart, showing that evil had won. However, in Lord of the Flies, Ralph realizes when he sees the pigÃ¢â¬â¢s head (which is used to represent evil) in its pristine state, that even in all this savagery and evil some good may occur. Right after he realized this, a ship pulled up and rescued the boys. The themes of both books are true to the dark side of human nature. Golding holds out a tiny thread of hope; Orwell lets us see the bad things that could happen and leaves us to figure out how to prevent them.
Monday, January 6, 2020
Firm Behavior, the Organization of Industry, and the Long Run Real Economy Instructions: 1) For each topic area studied (and listed below), respond to one or two problems (equal to a total of 10 problem responses for module three) and post to your group discussion board. Note: Please copy the entire question you are responding to at the beginning of your responses. 2) In addition, as you know by now, please discuss your group membersÃ¢â¬â¢ postings and respond to the comments made on your postings during the discussion period (see the course syllabus for the due dates and a more detailed discussion of the course grading scheme). The Costs of Production Select one or two of the following questions to answer. 1. WhatÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Why might the government create one? Give an example. Also, what is the defining characteristic of a natural monopoly? Give an example of a natural monopoly. 2. In the market for home heating consumers typically have several options (e.g., electricity, heating fuel, natural gas, propane, etc.) yet we often think of firms in this industry as behaving like monopolists. Using your understanding of monopoly, discuss the context in which your electricity provider is a monopolist. Is this characterization universally applicable? Carefully explain your answer. 3. There has been much discussion of deregulating electricity and natural gas delivery companies in the United States. Using your understanding of monopolies, discuss the likely effect of deregulation on prices in these two industries. 4. Explain how a profit-maximizing monopolist chooses its level of output and the price of its goods. 5. Graphically depict the deadweight loss caused by a monopoly. How is this similar to the deadweight loss from taxation? 6. What is the deadweight loss due to profit-maximizing monopoly pricing under the following conditions: The price charged for goods produced is $10. The intersection of the marginal revenue and marginal cost curves occurs where output is 100 units and marginal revenue is $5. The socially efficient level of production is 110 units. The demand curve is linear and downward sloping and the marginal cost curve is linearShow MoreRelatedEconomics And Economics On Economics Essay1142 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesWhen we talk about economics we must first defined the word. Economics is a social science that studies human behavior and how to allocate our limited (scares) resources, efficiently and effectively to meet our unlimited human wants. Now as we dive deeper in to the field of economics we realized that there are two separate categories that the study of economics breaks off into. The first is macroeconomics, macroeconomics is the study of the whole picture when it comes to economics. 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